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Abstract:   (189 Views)
Introduction: The present study investigated the hepatoprotective effects of stigmas, tepals, and leaves of Crocus sativus on CCL4 induced liver injury in rats.
Methods: Hydroethanolic extracts of Crocus sativus (stigmas, tepals, and leaves) were administrated daily for 14 days by oral gavage.
In the present study, 30 male rats divided into five groups were treated as follows:
1: normal rats gavaged with distilled water (N). 2: intoxicated rats gavaged with distilled water and injected with CCL4 (CCL4). 3: rats treated with stigmas extract and injected with CCL4 (STG). 4: rats treated with tepal extract and injected with CCL4 (TPL). 5: rats treated with leaf extract and injected with CCL4 (LF).
Bodyweight and the relative liver weight were determined. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total cholesterol, triglycerides, bilirubin direct and total, total protein, albumin, urea, and creatinine measured in plasma. Malondialdehyde (MDA) was quantified in liver homogenate.
Results: The experimental data showed that the stigmas and tepals extracts significantly prevented weight body loss and improved the relative liver weight. They significantly protected against elevation of ALT, AST, direct bilirubin, total bilirubin, LDH, ALP, creatinine, and MDA. Also, they enhanced significantly total proteins and albumin compared to the CCL4 control group.
Moreover, leaves reduced ALT, AST, total bilirubin, LDH, and MDA significantly.
Conclusion: In conclusion, these results suggest that tepals, stigmas, and leaves extracts of Crocus sativus have hepatoprotective effects on CCL4 induced liver injury in rats.
     
Types of Manuscript: Original Research | Subject: Pharmacology