Volume 27, Issue 4 (December 2023)                   Physiol Pharmacol 2023, 27(4): 426-434 | Back to browse issues page

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Samiei Mosleh I, Karami F, Salahshourifar I, Tajabadi Ebrahimi M, Marvibaigi M. Investigating the effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus paracasei supernatant on cervical cancer cells. Physiol Pharmacol 2023; 27 (4) : 8
URL: http://ppj.phypha.ir/article-1-1900-en.html
Abstract:   (939 Views)

Introduction: Lactic acid bacteria, recognized as probiotics, have garnered significant attention as potential adjuvants in chemotherapy for various cancer types, including cervical cancer. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer properties of two indigenous Iranian strains, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus paracasei, individually and in combination, targeting human cervical cancer cell lines compared to normal control cells.
Methods: The cytotoxic effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus paracasei supernatants, as well as their 1:1 mixture, on CaSki and HNCF PI 52 cell lines, was evaluated using the MTT assay. The apoptotic and anti-metastatic effects of these supernatants were assessed by analyzing the gene expression of BAX/BCL2 ratio, Caspase-3, and MMP2/ MMP9 using Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR).
Results: Significant cytotoxicity was observed in Ca Ski cells attributed to the low pH of the supernatants. The increase in the BAX/BCL2 ratio, leading to an up-regulation of Caspase-3, indicated the induction of apoptosis (P<0.001). In addition, the expression of MMP9 significantly deceased in Ca Ski cells treated with Lactobacillus acidophilus (P<0.001) and Lactobacillus paracasei (P<0.05), while no significant difference in MMP2 expression was observed in all samples compared to the control groups.
Conclusion: while further validation is needed, the heightened expression of apoptotic genes suggests a potential induction of apoptosis in cancer cells in response to Lactobacillus toxicity. The significant down-regulation of the MMP9 gene emphasizes the need for comparative analyses across different cervical cancer cell lines to establish the anti-metastatic potential of these local probiotic supernatants.

Article number: 8
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