Volume 1, Issue 1 (Spring and Summer 1997)                   Physiol Pharmacol 1997, 1(1): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (19217 Views)
Ketamine (KET) induced blockade of cortical spreading depression (CSD) declines with repeated KET applications in a way suggesting the development of tolerance. Possible mechanism of this process was studied in 31 rats anestheized with pentobarbital. CSD was elicited by injection of 1µl of 5% KCl into cortex at 15 min intervals and monitored by recording the accompanying slow potential waves. After control recording, five injections of KET (50 mg/kg) were applied at 75 min intervals. The first KET injection elicited CSD blockade lasting for 30-45 min at the near and for 60- 75 min at the far electrode. The CSD blocking effect of subsequent injections gradually declined and was not recognizable after the fifth KET injection. MK-801 (2 & 5 mg/kg) injected to rats with marked KET tolerance 30 min after the last KET dose, failed to block CSD. Without KET pretreatment the same dosage of MK-801 induced CSD blockade lasting more than 1 h. KET tolerance did not prevent local CSD blockade in cortical area superfused with 10 mol/l AP5. It is concluded that repeated applications of KET may induce some conformational changes at binding site(s) in the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) controlled channels shared by both KET and MK-801
Types of Manuscript: Experimental research article |

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