Volume 2, Issue 2 (Fall and Winter 1998)                   Physiol Pharmacol 1998, 2(2): 162-169 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

The interaction of lead acetate and morphine in analgesia during the formalin test in mice. Physiol Pharmacol 1998; 2 (2) :162-169
URL: http://ppj.phypha.ir/article-1-339-en.html
Abstract:   (12249 Views)

  In this study, the effects of lead acetate on two types of pain (nociception and inflammation) induced by formalin and its interaction with the opioid system and morphine-induced analgesia were examined. Male albino mice weighing 22-27 g were used in the experiments. Morphine was administered subcutaneously 30 minutes before formalin injection. Lead acetate was intraperitoneally administered 90 minutes before any injection. Different doses of morphine induce antinociception in both phases of the formalin test. Lead acetate induced no does-dependent nociception in the early phase, but caused dose-dependent analgesia in the late phase. Pretreatment with lead acetate antagonized the effect of morphine in the early phase. On the other hand, the effect of lead acetate in the early phase was reduced by morphine and its effect was eliminated in the late phase. We conclude that lead acetate can modulate the pain response and interact with morphine-induced antinociception. Additional research is suggested to identify the mechanisms of these effects.


Type of Manuscript: Experimental research article |

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.