Volume 25, Issue 2 (July 2021)                   Physiol Pharmacol 2021, 25(2): 162-170 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghi N, Saadatfard S, Dianat M, Abedi H, Dehghani K. Combination effects of gallic acid and cyclosporine A during ischemia/ reperfusion on rat electrocardiogram parameters and arrhythmia. Physiol Pharmacol 2021; 25 (2) :162-170
URL: http://ppj.phypha.ir/article-1-1574-en.html
Abstract:   (1174 Views)
Introduction: Myocardial ischemia leads to electrical disturbance in the heart because of reactive oxygen specious. This study aimed to investigate the effects of gallic acid and cyclosporine A (CsA) together on electrocardiogram parameters in myocardium following ischemia - reperfusion (I/R) in isolated hearts.
Methods: In this research, 50 Wistar rats weighing 250-300g were randomly divided into the 5 following groups: control, sham and gallic acid (7.5, 15 and 30mg/kg) in combination with CsA (0.2μM). On the eleventh day, the hearts were removed and perfused with Krebs solution and ischemia was induced for 30min. Then, cyclosporine was administered for 10min at the 10 minutes before reperfusion and 10 minutes the beginning of reperfusion. By placing the electrode, the parameters of RR, PR, QT, TpeakTend, JT and QTcB interval, ST elevation, R, P, Q, S, T amplitude were recorded before ischemia and during reperfusion. Results: This study showed that RR, JT, interval, p duration, ST elevation and PVC numbers of control were increased during ischemia compared with sham and decreased using gallic acid (7.5, 15 and 30mg/kg) in combination with CsA. In addition, P, R, S, T amplitude during the ischemia were decreased in control compared with sham and increased with gallic acid (15mg/kg) in combination with CsA. Conclusion: In conclusion, the optimal combination of both drugs decreased arrhythmia occurrence while increased electrical velocity of conduction and wave amplitudes in isolated myocardium after ischemia reperfusion injury.
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