Volume 12, Issue 1 (Spring 2008)                   Physiol Pharmacol 2008, 12(1): 60-67 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aminizadeh M, Abbasnejad M, Moazedi A A, Papahn A. The effect of bilateral intrahippocampal injection of all–trans retinoic acid on spatial learning in adult male rats.. Physiol Pharmacol. 2008; 12 (1) :60-67
URL: http://ppj.phypha.ir/article-1-470-en.html
Abstract:   (13937 Views)
Introduction: Previous studies have shown that vitamin A and its derivatives such as retinoid and all-trans retinoic acid have a crucial role in memory, learning and synaptic plasticity. The receptors of vitamin A are seen in different parts of the brain such as hippocampus, where vitamin A has an important role in learning. In this study, the effect of intrahippocampal (CA1) injection of all – trans retinoic acid on spatial learning was investigated in adult male rats. Methods: 49 adult male rats divided in 7 groups were used. Test groups (1 – 4) received 1μl of all – trans retinoic acid dissolved in DMSO at concentrations of 1, 2, 4 and 8 μg/μl, for 4 consecutive days, 90 minutes before training. Group 5 received DMSO and 6th and 7th groups were designated as sham operation and control (intact) group, respectively. After each injection, Morris Water Maze (MWM) was used as a method to measure learning task. Results: This study showed that all – trans retinoic acid at the concentration of 1 μg/μl improved spatial learning in Morris Water Maze (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings show that all – trans retinoic acid improves spatial learning in rats via enhancing the expression of learning related proteins.
Full-Text [PDF 446 kb]   (1937 Downloads)    
Types of Manuscript: Original Research |